By default, the library website is set to basic search, where a single query box appears.
Basic search examples (what the system performs as a search) :
To narrow search results or to initiate a more complex search, choose the advanced search functionality, or use search filters with indexes.
For example, to find a specific publication, enter the title and author in the advanced search box.
The advanced search is accessed by clicking on the Advanced Search link located under the search bar.
The advanced search functionality allows you to :
The following search options are also available :
These options can also be applied to refine search results .
Boolean operators (AND/ET/+, OR/OU, NOT/SAUF/-) can be used to reflect your needs and search criteria as closely as possible.
Narrow the search results by displaying documents containing both terms/phrases connected by the operator
* If no other operator is entered in the search box, the Boolean operator AND is inserted by default between the words.
Broaden search results by displaying items that include either word/phrase connected through the operator.
Reduce search results by excluding items that include the word/phrase after the operator.
For more information on Boolean operators, click here.
A pound sign (#) or a question mark (?) substitutes one or several variable letters in a word. Wildcards broaden search results. At least three characters must precede the wildcard.
For more information on truncation or wildcards, click here.
To avoid incomplete search results, follow these guidelines for keywords:
|The case does not affect search results. Keywords can be entered in upper case, lower case, or a combination of both. However, Boolean operators (see above) must be entered in upper case.
Avoid French or English stop words (le, la, les, du, de, des, a, an, but, the, etc.) because the Sofia discovery tool does not take them into account . Use quotation marks (" ") for stop words that must be taken into account within the search.
|Punctuation and Diacritical Signs
|Avoid punctuation or diacritical signs.
|Avoid apostrophes (‘) and the letter preceding them, or omit the apostrophe and space between the words preceding and following the apostrophe. To include all variations, link both options with a Boolean OR.
Hyphens (-) may be used or replaced by a space.
Each search field is linked to an index, most of which are visible in the advanced search drop-down menu.
You can also enter their abbreviations in the search fields (basic or advanced search), and combine them with different operators.
The following list includes the most commonly used indexes and their abbreviations :
pb=universite de montreal
|Year of Publication
Click here for the format abbreviations.
A colon (:) after an abbreviation : launches a keyword search in the index.
An equal sign (=) after an abbreviation : used to find a specific phrase* in the index.
*The phrase must be located at the beginning of the field in question, and the field must not contain any other words afterwards, which may limit the results. When in doubt, it is better to use a colon with quotation marks, ex.: kw:"operations management".
Do not use spaces between index abbreviations and punctuation marks ( : or =), or between punctuation marks and keywords.
Click on author (au=), subject (su:) or collection (se:) to automatically launch a new index search from an item in the results list.